The Wheat Kernel
The Kernel of Wheat is sometimes called the wheat berry. The kernel is the seed from which the wheat plant grows. Each tiny seed contains three distinct parts that are separated during the milling process to produce flour.
The Endosperm makes up about 83 percent of the kernel weight and is the source of white flour
The Bran is about 14.5 percent of the kernel weight. Bran is included in whole wheat flour and can also be bought separately.
The Germ is about 2.5 percent of the kernel weight. The germ is the embryo or sprouting section of the seed, often separated from flour in milling because the fat content limits flour’s shelf-life.